Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection of the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. Healthy gum tissue fits around each tooth snuggly, while patients with periodontal disease show signs of gum tissue pulling away from their teeth. If left untreated, it can become susceptible to further damage that may be irreversible. 

 

Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection of the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. Healthy gum tissue fits around each tooth snuggly, while patients with periodontal disease show signs of gum tissue pulling away from their teeth. If left untreated, it can become susceptible to further damage that may be irreversible.

If the disease is caught during the beginning stages, known as gingivitis, and no damage has been done to the supporting structures of the teeth, then you may only need a professional cleaning and proper oral care like brushing and flossing regularly. Without treatment, your teeth may become loose, start to shift, fall out, or need to be extracted due to damage. A few signs that you need to look for if you suspect gum disease are: 

 

  • ·     Bad breath
  • ·     Inflammation of the gums
  • ·     Tender or bleeding gums
  • ·     Loose teeth
  • ·     Painful chewing
  • ·     Sensitive teeth
  • ·     Receding gums 

 

At each visit both your dental hygienist and dentist will examine your gums for signs of inflammation or sensitivity. They will also check your gum pockets using a probe (tiny ruler) to measure the depth of the pockets. The test is usually painless and does not take long. They may also take an x-ray to check for bone loss. 

 

Once your exam is over, treatment options will be presented to you. Treatments may vary depending on the extent of the infection. While being treated for gum disease, be sure to continue maintaining healthy oral care. Brushing and flossing on a regular basis with fluoride toothpaste will remove plaque. Be sure to pay your dentist a visit for routine check-ups or recommended follow ups. A helpful tip is to quit smoking.

 

 

If you believe you are experiencing any signs of gum disease, call us now at (772)286-1606 to schedule an appointment.